During the 5th century BC, ancient Greek technology developed, leading to the invention of the rotary mills, screw, water pump, gear, water organ, water clock, the torsion catapult and the use of steam to operate machines and toys.The foundation, for the use of water resources, in the modern world, was laid by the Greek civilization.
Ancient Greek Technology
They developed waste water, sewerage system, they explored underground water constructed a lot of pipes for the supply of water to the city and also constructed drainage system to protect the community from the havoc of the flood.
We read about the water mill in Philos Pneumatics. Ancient Greeks had silver mines at Laurium. Mining, washing, sweltering was all done during this time. Even today washing tables still exist. Heroes of Alexandria was a Greek mathematician and engineer who developed hydraulic mechanisms, automation, and simple machines. He operated the worlds first steam engine.
Ancient Greek Technology Inventions
Heronas and Ktisivios created certain mechanisms, that when the light was lit around the temple, the people could hear the sound of the trumpets. The interior of the temple got automatically sprayed with water and mechanical birds began to sing.The 5th Century BC saw the invention of a variety of tumbler locks.
Ancient Greek Odometer
The building of road and distance between two roads was possible with the help of Odometer which was invented in the 3rd century BC, in the late Hellenistic time.
There is a controversy regarding the inventor, some say it is Archimedes whereas others say that it is the hero of Alexandria. Amalgamated geographical maps called cartography was developed by Anaximander. Again Ctesibius, a Greek Alexandrian, being a son of a barber was very technical.
Using the power of water, he developed the water organ, air powered catapult and a force pump. The water pump, invented by him and a part of ancient Greek technology helped the people to put off fires. Ctesibius used water power to create a musical instrument which was known as an admonition. Now along with this evidence of spiral staircases being present in many of the temples have been found by the archaeologists.