So saying, Minerva, goddess azure-eyed, Rose to Olympus, the reputed seat.Eternal of the gods, which never storms Disturb, rains drench, or snow invades but calm.The expanse and cloudless shines with purest day There the inhabitants divine rejoice forever in Olympus Ancient Greek Mountains, Odyssey, Homer.
Ancient Greek Mountains
Physical topography and geography of any place have an influence on the way of life of any society. This influence was evident in ancient civilizations when technology did not become advance that geography could be changed or at the least, altered by men.
Ancient Greece was no exception. Consisting of a large mainland at the southern end of the Balkans; the Peloponnesus peninsula and numerous islands, Greece has the twelfth longest coastline in the world.
80 % of Ancient Greek Mountains or hills. Greece is Greece one of the most mountainous countries of Europe. Mountains have rendered each region of Greece a cultural uniqueness different from other regions. However, at the same time, they sometimes act as an obstacle to national unity and unanimity.
The most famous of all Greek mountains is indeed Mount Olympus. It has great significance from the Greek mythical point of view. It was believed to be the mythical abode of the Greek gods. Culminating at Mytikas peak, this was the most worshipped mountain of Greece. It has a height of 9,570 ft, the largest in the country. Mount Olympus is famous for its numerous forests and gorges.
Greek gods may be divided into three categories; the Titans, who were the elder gods, the Olympians, and the lesser gods. The twelve most important gods of ancient Greece were called the Olympians. Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, Athena, Apollo were some of the Olympians.
Mount Olympus was, it was believed, the divine kingdom of Olympian gods. The divine kingdom was established after the Titans were overthrown by the Olympian gods in the Battle of the Titans.
Western Greece is dominated by lakes and wetlands. The Pindus mountain range belongs to this region. Having an elevation of 8,652 ft at Mt. Smolikas, Pindus has been a barrier to east-west travel. The Pindus forms the core of mainland Greece and is characterized by its high, steep peaks, often dissected by numerous canyons and a variety of other karstic landscapes.
It sweeps down from the Albanian and Macedonian frontiers. The Aegean islands are peaks of underwater mountains that once constituted an extension of the mainland. The deepest gorge in the world, the Vikos gorge is in the Pindus range.
The Rhodope range, located in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace belongs to Northeastern Greece. This area is covered with vast, thick, ancient forests, including the famous Dadia forest.
In the southern part of Greece are the Peloponnesus Mountains. About 50% of Greek land is covered by forests. Greece is home to a series of ancient volcanoes, including those on the islands of Kos, Methana, Milos, Nisyros, Poros, and Santorini.