Ancient Greek Science And Technology: The word technology comes from the Greek word techniques which mean artistic, professional. Hippocrates was a Greek physician born in 460 B.C. on the island of Cos, Greece.
Hippocrates accurately described disease symptoms. He held the belief that illness had a physical and a rational explanation. Hippocrates studied the human body. He is known as ”the father of modern medicine”. He founded a medical school on the island of Cos, Greece for teaching his knowledge of medicine.
Ancient Greek Science And Technology
In the 300s BC, According to Ancient Greek Science And Technology, The Aristotle and other philosophers at the Lyceum and the Academy in Athens worked on observing plants and Greek animals and organizing the different kinds of plants and animals into types. Again, this is a way of creating order out of chaos.
The strange property of amber was discovered by the Greeks. It was discovered that if amber was rubbed with a straw it would attract feathers or straw. Greek experiments revealed the fact that lodestone attracted small bits of iron.
The Antikythera mechanism is one of the most globally important discoveries of the Antiquity. It is the oldest known complex scientific calculator, as well as astronomical clock and Planetarium. It is considered to be one of the most advanced astronomical clocks discovered in Europe, especially after the 14th century.
Ancient Greek Mathematicians
Some Greek Mathematicians included are Thales, Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes, and Apollonius. Some topical concepts covered are astronomical discoveries, prime numbers, the evolution of the species, and measuring the circumference of the earth.
The famous Talos (in the ancient Cretan dialect it means sun), was a fully operational robot, built by Hephaestus as a gift for Minos, King of Crete. Talos was made of copper and was huge. It protected Crete from her enemies and supervised the application of laws.
Heroes of Alexandria was a Greek mathematician, engineer, and inventor of the first century BC. He initially worked as a shoemaker but he eventually decided to explore his ideas.
He presented and operated the worlds first steam engine, consisted of a closed, spherical container, filled with water. When the water was heated and began to boil, the stream was relieved by two nozzles, configured in a polar alignment.
Instruments of Greece
Talking about musical instruments, it would be an omission to not mention Pythagoras. He meditated the relation of the music to the mathematics and found some rules that make the making of musical instruments much easier. He managed to express the musical harmony with mathematic rules through his philosophical and scientific approach.