The answers to the questions of ancient Greek population have been periodically revisited. Estimates have suggested that Sparta and Athens were highly populated cities. They were policing of jobs. People used to come to these cities to find work. There were quite many who migrated to these cities.
Ancient Greek Population
Spartans ruling capacity when it was in power is unquestionable. They had a positive as well as a negative impact on the ancient Greek population. After conquering Greece, they formed the city Sparta and bestowed it the status of the capital city.
Spartans significance to Greece and its population:
Sparta was located on the banks of the River Eurotas. In 10 B.C. it emerged as a significant seat of power. It soon became a place of military activity. Military establishments and arsenals were set up here.Given its prominence amongst the military, Greek rulers called the shots from Sparta. During the Greek-Persian wars, Sparta overlooked matters concerning wars. Very soon, Sparta attacked Athens and emerged victoriously.
Sparta was politically independent. Until the Romans conquered Greece in 146 B.C, Spartans independent sovereignty remained unperturbed.Spartans contribution to humankind is remarkable. It was here that the population of Greece rose. Sparta laid a lot of emphasis on military training. Spartan citizens, called Spartiates, had a formal military education.
Looking at the ancient Greek population of Sparta:
The estimate of the population in ancient Sparta is created using a piece of the line found in one of the retrieved manuscripts. In one such manuscript, a mention is made about eight thousand Spartan males currently available for war in Sparta. This was told by Democrats, ruler of Sparta, to the King of Persia.
This was around 480 B.C. Scientists estimated based on this calculation that at that time there were more than fifteen thousand males in all age groups. There were around seven thousand adolescent men, six thousand youth and middle-aged men, and about one thousand men above the age of fifty.
Out of this population, many were Spartans, others were Perioikoi and Helots. Perioikoi were non-Spartans freed from jails and allowed to live in the land. The Helots were owned by Sparta and as Serfs.
The rise and decline of population in ancient Greece:
From 800 B.C. to 400 B.C, the population in ancient Greece rose. This was due to healthy standards of living and an increase of medical inventions. It is estimated that by 400 B.C, ancient Greece had a population of 13 million.
It is surprising that given the sheer number of people living in those times, only little remains of their constructs. Probably, the Greeks never imagined that a future lay beyond them for mankind for more than thousands of years.
Ancient Greek population rapidly declined with the arrival of Romans. The Romans completely overturned the cultural fabric of ancient Greece, and this resulted in a decline in ancient Greece population.