Ancient Greek Influences: Greece was split into many different states; each one was ruled in its own way. Each state had its own laws, government, and money but they shared the same language and religion.
The two most important city-states were Athens and Sparta. Greek principles in literature and drama, as well as those in art and government, are thus said to have had a continuing impact on people in countless phases of history.
Certain themes in literature and drama originated from Greek authors and are believed to have influenced much of the world. Homers Iliad and Odyssey are the first epic poems in recorded history.
Ancient Greek Influences: Democracy
The word ‘democracy’ is Greek. It means ‘government by the people. We have a form of democracy in Britain, and this is a legacy of the Athenians and their assemblies and councils.
As a predominant naval force in the latter part of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., Athens exerted its influence overseas trade. Athenian pottery was widely exported, especially to Etruria and to the colonies in southern Italy, where it inspired local imitations.
Ancient Greece Influence: The first alphabet with vowels
The Ancient Greeks played an important part in the development of the alphabet. The first two letters of the Greek alphabet – alpha and beta – have given us the word ‘alphabet’.
Ancient Greece Influence on world architecture:
Another sphere of Ancient Greek Influences was architecture. The Greeks developed three architectural systems, called orders, each with their own distinctive proportions and detailing. The Greek orders are Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
Acropolis in Greek means “The Sacred Rock, the high city”. All around the world, the Acropolis of Athens is known as ‘The Acropolis’. There are many Acropolises in Greece but the Acropolis of Athens is the best known. The Acropolis is primarily dedicated to the Goddess Athena.
Influence of Ancient Greece on Art and Culture:
Greek art and sculpture have had a profound effect throughout the ages. Many of the styles have been reproduced and copied by some of what the modern day audiences would class as some of the finest artists to have ever lived e.g. Michelangelo.
Western art and sculpture derived from Roman art, while in the East, Alexander the Great’s conquest gave birth to Greco-Buddhist art, which has even had an influence as far as Japan all of which stem from ancient Greek art. The Greeks used many different types of materials in their sculptures including stone, marble, and limestone as these were abundant in Greece.
Banquets and Greek-style symposia were the most popular social gatherings attended by both sexes together. Tomb paintings and sculpted sarcophagi suggest that couples enjoyed the entertainment of musicians, tumblers, jugglers, and dancers while they reclined on couches together, sharing sumptuous meals.
Funeral inscriptions record extreme longevity and contentment: the ages of 70 or 80 years are not uncommon, and many tell of happy lives of soldiers or merchants lasting 106 years and longer.