Throughout Ancient Greece, houses came in two forms: the northern and southern style. These two types of Ancient Greek Homes varied by material, structure, location, and culture. Ancient Greek cities were protected by stone walls. Inside them, most of the land was occupied by private homes.
Homes in ancient Greece, in the 6th and 5th century BCE, were made up of two or three rooms, built around an open-air courtyard, built of stone, wood, or clay bricks. Larger homes might also have a kitchen, a room for bathing, a men’s dining room, and perhaps a woman’s sitting area.
Evidence has shown that these houses contained rooms equivalent to the main hall, courtyard, staircase, entrance, second entrance, upper floor for guests and slaves, and a number of public rooms that border the courtyard.
Ancient Greek Homes
Most houses in Ancient Greek towns were built from stone or clay. The house was made of sun-dried mud brick. Mud houses crumbled away in a few years and had to rebuild.The roofs were covered with tiles or reeds, and the houses had one or two stories. The floors of the rooms were tiled to keep them cool, although in winter fires in metal baskets were sometimes needed.
The Greeks had a very limited amount of furniture in their houses. The rooms were relatively bare by today’s standards. The Greeks used practicality to furnish their houses and they also borrowed some Egyptian techniques to build the furniture.
Their home furnishings consisted of countless stools and chairs, some of which borrowed the folding X-frame from the Egyptians; a bed was made out of a thick board on four legs with a blanket, or by weaving string across of wooden frame, and chests were used in place of cupboards.
Mattresses were made of sacks filled with leaves, which was actually comfortable to the people at the time. Wooden chairs, couches, and stools were typical. The Greeks stored things in wooden chests or hung them from wooden pegs on the walls.
A rich home would also have a dresser to display expensive cups. People reclined on couches (which could also act as beds). The coaches were simply wooden frames with rope webbing and mats or rugs lay on top.
Ancient Greek Houses for The Poor
Windows were small and set high on the walls. They could be closed with shutters. They were whitewashed to a bright white.Poor people lived in just one, two or three rooms. Rich Greeks lived in large houses with several rooms. In poor homes, the cooking was done outside over a campfire. Few homes had chimneys. Instead, they had small vents in the ceiling to allow smoke to go out.
Ancient Greek House Plan
The houses were planned around a courtyard and had high walls and a strong gate. Much of ancient Greek family life centered on the courtyard. On bright, sunny days, women probably sheltered under a covered area of their courtyard, as the ancient Greeks believed a pale complexion was a sign of beauty.
Ancient Greek Homes were divided into areas for the men and areas for the women. The acorn was a room reserved for males to entertain male guests. The room had a separate entrance to the street so male guests did not have to cross paths with any of the ladies of the house.